Traveling to South Africa is set to become much easier when the government of South Africa introduces the South Africa tourist visa online, an electronic visa which will eliminate the need to apply for a visa from an embassy or consulate. However, although the South Africa eVisa application will facilitate the process of obtaining a tourist visa for the country, it will still be necessary to comply with the requirements for supporting documents for a visa.
Those planning to travel to South Africa with kids should be aware that there are strict entry requirements for children traveling to South Africa. The travel documents for children for entry to South Africa depend on a variety of factors, including how many parents are accompanying the child, the child’s nationality, and whether or not they are resident in some form of alternative care. Read on to discover travel advice for bringing children to South Africa and find out exactly which documents you will need.
What Documents Does a Minor Need to Fly to South Africa?
Before coming to the country with a minor, travelers should check the South Africa Visa requirements and the South Africa child policy. The following table details the necessary documentation required depending on the nationality of the child and who they are traveling with.
This documentation will be requested at the port of entry and exit in South Africa for children with South African nationality or foreign visa-exempt children. Those who are required to apply for a South Africa visa will be required to provide the same documentation as a visa-exempt child, but during the visa application process instead of at the port of entry.
|South African child||Foreign visa-exempt child|
|Child traveling with both parents|
|Child traveling with one parent|
|Child accompanied by person who is not their biological parent|
|Un-accompanied child (entering South Africa)|
|Child in alternative care (resident in South Africa who is exiting the country)|
Visa-exempt foreign children who are not accompanied by both parents are strongly advised to carry these documents when traveling to South Africa, since it is very likely that they may be requested to produce them. Should the documents not be available on request, they would be granted a 24-hour period in which to present them.
Can a Child Travel to South Africa with One Parent?
As outlined in the table above, it is possible for children to travel to South Africa with one parent, but this requires providing more supporting documentation than is required if the child was traveling with both parents. In addition to presenting the valid passport and birth certificate/equivalent document of the child, it is necessary to justify the absence of the other parent. This can be done by explaining the reason for their absence and providing supporting documentation, including:
- A parental consent letter from the absent parent
- Contact details for the absent parent
Or, if applicable:
- A copy of a court order granting full parental responsibilities and rights or legal guardianship to the parent traveling with the child
- A copy of the death certificate of the deceased parent
Exemptions for South Africa Entry Requirements for Children
Although it is necessary to present supporting documentation in most cases when traveling with children to South Africa, there are some exemptions where certain South Africa child policy requirements for children do not apply:
- Children with a South African passport may travel to South Africa without birth certificates
- Supporting documents are not required for children in direct transit through an international airport
- Children with a valid South African visa are not required to produce the documents already submitted as part of their visa applications when travelling through a port of entry in South Africa
- A child with a passport containing the details of his or her parent(s) is not required to produce a birth certificate or equivalent document
- Children traveling as part of a school trip are able to replace the parental consent letter and other additional documents with a letter from their school principal confirming that all consent letters are held by the school. This arrangement applies to all schools registered with the Department of Basic Education in South Africa and its equivalent abroad.
In cases where the parent(s) of the child are unable to consent to their child traveling to South Africa, due to recent death or mental or physical disability, persons acting on behalf of the child may apply for a special exemption. In such cases, it is necessary to submit a request explaining the situation, alongside supporting documentation such as a treating medical practitioner’s certificate, to Office of the Director-General of Home Affairs of South Africa.
This final exemption only applies to cases of parental incapacity, and not to cases where a parent is either unwilling to consent or unable to be located due to separation or divorce. In cases where a parent refuses to give consent, it is possible to present a court order in terms of section 18(5) of the Children’s Act, 2005 (Act No. 38 of 2005) as an alternative.